This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Golden Dawn (Political party, Greece)

Hrysi Avgi

Last modified: 2013-12-29 by ivan sache
Keywords: hrysi avgi | golden dawn | meander | cross: celtic (white) | cross: celtic (black) | cross: celtic (blue) | green wing | prasini pteryga | wreath (black) | wreath (white) | letter: epsilon (black) |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



See also:


Presentation of Golden Dawn

Disclaimer
All informations included into this contribution are presented in vexillological purpose only. The political attitudes of the users of described flags are not related to those of the contributor in any ways.

Golden Dawn (Hrysi Avgi) is the biggest extreme-rightist organization in Greece (Wikipedia).
Golden Dawn ceased to exist as the separate organization in December 2005, having merged into the Patriotic Alliance (Patriotiki Symmahia), which used different symbols (Wikipedia). In January 2007, the Patriotic Alliance ceased to exist and in March same year, Golden Dawn announced its re-activation. Since then, the website of Golden Dawn has been regularly updated and its new content shows the use of the organization's flags. The same is true for the site/blog of the Youth Front (Metopo Neolaeas), the youth wing of the organization.

Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008


Golden Dawn flags with the meander

Pre-2005 sightings

[Golden Dawn flag]         [Golden Dawn flag]

Flags used by Golden Dawn until 2005 - Images by Thanos Tzikas, 10 July 2003 (left) and modified by Tomislav Todorović & Mladen Mijatov, 27 February 2006 (right)

The black flag with the red meander reported by Thanos Tzikas from a photography of a speech of the party is probably an unofficial version. According to Wikipedia, the official flag has the red field with the black meander, fimbriated white, while the logotype is a black shield, with the white inner and black outer fimbriations and charged with the white meander. That was the only flag with the meander which I saw at the website of Golden Dawn, whose content is currently very reduced and most of the previously numerous photos are not available now. Only one photo of this flag can currently be found on the Internet.

Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008


2007 sightings

[Golden Dawn flag]         [Golden Dawn flag]

Flags used by Golden Dawn from 2007 onwards - Images by Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008

The red flag with the black meander is still the most used flag of Golden Dawn after its re-activation. On photos ([1] [2]), only the meander seems to be larger than before.
A new flag, not used before 2007, has a large white meander, with outer white and inner red fimbriations, on red field. It can be seen on photos ([1] [2] [3] [4], no longer available).

Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008


2010 sightings

[Golden Dawn flag]         [Golden Dawn flag]

Flags used by Golden Dawn in 2010 - Images by Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012

By early 2010, two new flags with the meander have appeared. One of them, quite rarely used, has a large white meander, with outer white and inner blue fimbriations, on blue field (photo, no longer available). The design is almost identical, except the field and inner fimbriation color, with that of a flag already in use.
Another flag also has blue field and is charged with a smaller meander within a wreath, between the inscriptions LAIKOS SYNDESMOS ("People's Association") and HRYSI AYGI ("Golden Dawn"), all in white; the complete inscription might be the full official name of the organization, although it hat yet to be verified. This flag was best visible on many photos ([1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7], no longer available). Both of these flags can be seen on a photo (no longer available).

Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012


Unconfirmed sightings

[Golden Dawn flag]

Possible flag of Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008

Two images ([1] [2], no longer available) show a black flag with a white meander, but these are not photos, so this design shall be considered just a "flagoid" (possible flag) for now.

Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008


Golden Dawn flags with the Celtic cross

"Regular" Celtic cross flags

[Golden Dawn flag]         [Golden Dawn flag]         [Golden Dawn flag]

Flags with the Celtic cross sold by Golden Dawn - Images by Tomislav Todorović & Mladen Mijatov, 27 February 2006

Golden Dawn used until 2005 and still uses several different flags with the Celtic cross, as could have been seen at their website (currently containing none of those previously numerous photos) and still can be seen at the Lonhi, the online shop of Golden Dawn, which sells the copies of these flags. Most of them are charged with the white Celtic cross, which has two fimbriations, the inner one in the field colour and the outer one in white. The flag which, according to its presence on the photos previously available at the site of the organization, was the most frequently used, has the black field (photo, no longer available); the flag with the red field (photo, no longer available) is less used; this is also true for the flag with the blue field (photo, no longer available), which employs the same shade of blue as the Greek national flag. The online shop also sells the flags with the white Celtic cross on the green field (photo, no longer available) and with the dark yellow Celtic cross on the black field (photo, no longer available). While the green flag is used by Green Wing, the second flag could not have been seen at the site of the organization, so its use in real life is yet to be checked.

After the re-activation of the movement in 2007, flags with the Celtic Cross were still used, as confirmed by photos of flags with a black field ([1] [2], no longer available), a red field ([1] [2] [3], no longer available), and a blue field ([1] [2], no longer available).

[Golden Dawn flag]

Flag with the Celtic cross used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 17 January 2009

On 24 May 2008, the representatives of the Golden Dawn were guests at the Nationalist Congress, an event organized in Villepreux, Yvelines, France by the French Renewal, another ultra-rightist organization, which has developed a partnership with the Golden Dawn (both organizations are the members of European National Front). At the fair which was organized there, Golden Dawn had a booth with its publications, mostly different issues of the magazine "Golden Dawn".
The cover page (image, no longer available) of an issue in front central part of the booth shows a large photo of a flag made of a white celtic cross, with inner black and outer white fimbriations, on the red field. Unfortunately, the photo is not detailed enough to make the date of the issue visible, the information which would otherwise help in dating of this flag.

[Golden Dawn flag]

Flag with the Celtic cross used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović & Mladen Mijatov, 27 February 2006

Before 2005, Golden Dawn also sometimes used a flag with a large white disc, charged with a black Celtic cross, on the red field. The image (no longer available) at the online shop shows the flag with the disc in the centre, but the photos from the site of the organization were showing flags with the disc close to the hoist, like a similar flag from France. The cover (image, no longer available) of a book sold at the online shop also shows a flag with such a design, along with several Greek national flags.
The least used of the flags with the Celtic Cross, this flag was still used after 2007, as shown on a photo (no longer available).

Tomislav Todorović, 17 January 2009


Flag used by football fans

[Golden Dawn flag]

Flag with the Celtic cross used by Golden Dawn football supporters - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012

A flag with blue Celtic cross, with outer blue and inner orange fimbriations, on orange field is used by the party members who are the fans of Apoel F.C. of Nicosia, Cyprus (photos). The colors of the flag are based on those of the club: blue and yellow are their home colors, orange and white are the away colors and blue (or rather teal) and orange are the third colors (Wikipedia).
It is not clear if the photos were shot in Greece or Cyprus, but it is not much important actually, because the Golden Dawn operates in both countries.

Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012


Unconfirmed sightings

[Golden Dawn flag]

Flag with the Celtic cross possibly used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008

Photos ([1] [2], no longer available) seem to show black flags with a "solid" (non-fimbriated) white Celtic cross but, having not been confirmed on other photos so far, their design shall be also considered a "flagoid" for now; the fimbriations cannot be recognized on a photo if its resolution is too low.

[Golden Dawn flag]         [Golden Dawn flag]

Flag with the Celtic cross possibly used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012

An image showing red flags with black Celtic cross fimbriated white was appearing in the header of the party website long before its merger into the Patriotic Alliance. However, it was not clear if the image was showing real flags or was completely created in image editing software. The image was removed before 2005 and was not returned after the Golden Dawn was re-activated. Another image shows this flag along with the Greek national flag. This is currently the only image of this flag, so until some stronger evidence of its use appears, it should be considered a "flagoid" for now, but one which is a stronger candidate for a real flag than the other "flagoids" associated with Golden Dawn.

Images ([1] [2], no longer available) show a flag similar to the previously described one, but with somewhat different shape of the cross and without white fimbriations.

Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012


Golden Dawn flag with an archaic epsilon letter

[Golden Dawn flag]

Flag of Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 16 February 2012

A new flag (photo), introduced in 2011, is charged with a large letter epsilon within a wreath, all black with white fimbriations, on a dark red field. The letter is in an archaic-style typeface which Golden Dawn frequently uses, especially on the demonstration posters or flyers.
The wreath, similar to the one which appears on a flag with the meander (see above), and is sometimes used with the meander as well, although not on the flags yet, as shown on a demonstration poster (no longer available).
The exact meaning of the letter epsilon is yet to be determined, but it probably stands either for Ellas (Greece) or ethnos (nation), or maybe ethnikismos (nationalism), or - most probably - for all of these words.

It is not easy to determine the exact shade of color, which seems to vary between R+ (dark, rarely) and R++ (very dark, mostly), but also frequently inclines towards burgundy or even purple. The fact that the photos generally look as if made under unappropriate lighting conditions is also a disadvantage. On the other hand, large images ([1] [2], no longer available) of this flag, and a video clip use a color which would be best described as R+++, with no inclinations in direction of purple. Anyway, until a number of photos with better quality appear, the color R++ may make a good approximation, especially when compared with the party flags which use the color R; the comparison may also work for the above photos which show all of these flags together.

Tomislav Todorović, 16 February 2012


Use of Greek flags by Golden Dawn

Until 2005, both versions of Greek national flag were used, but the plain cross flag seemed to be used a bit more than the one with the cross and stripes. The plain cross flag seems to be increasingly used with proportions 1:1, like that of the naval jack.

The Byzantine flag used by the Greek Orthodox Church was also frequently used (photo, no longer available), but the flag with the same charges and the reverted colours (image, no longer available) does not seem to have been seen outside the online shop. The flag with the black eagle on the red field (image, on longer available) was, however, often used (actually shown only on a book cover [image, no longer available] at the online shop). There seems to have been a similar flag, with a gold eagle on the red field (not sold by the online shop), but none of the images from the site of the organization were showing it clearly enough for a better description. The plain cross flag of Greece with the black eagle overall (image, no longer available) (flag of Northern Epirus) also seems not to have been seen outside the Web shop.

From 2007 onwards, both versions of Greek national flag are still widely used, but the Byzantine flag of the Greek Orthodox Church and its derivations seem to have fallen out of use. The only exception is the plain cross flag of Greece with the black eagle overall; its variant currently used can be seen on photos ([1] [2], no longer available) and on a detailed image.
A plain black flag, typical for the Anarchists, but increasingly used by the ultra-rightists in many countries, is shown on an image (no longer available). Like the two other flags from the same image, it is not confirmed on any photo, so it shall also be considered a "flagoid" for now.

Tomislav Todorović, 16 February 2012


Green Wing (Prasini Pteryga)

[Green Wing flag]

Flag of Green Wing - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2006

Green Wing (Prasini Pteryga) is an Ecologist organization founded by members of the youth wing of the Golden Dawn. It uses a green flag, charged with a white Celtic cross with outer white and inner green fimbriations.

Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008