Last modified: 2010-04-24 by ivan sache
Keywords: moselle | gandrange | fleurs-de-lis (yellow) | crozier (white) | deer: head (yellow) | cross (yellow) |
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Municipal flag of Gandrange - Image by Ivan Sache, 12 December 2009
The municipality of Gandrange (2,542 inhabitants in 1999; 408 ha) is located between Metz and Thionville.
Gandrange was originally an estate founded by a Frankish warlord called Godehar or Goter (in German, Gunther) on a shelf dominating the valley of Orne and protected by the hill of Justemont (lit., the Just's Mount). Most of the village and its hamlets was owned until the French Revolution by the Norbertine abbey Notre-Dame of Justemont, founded in 1124. Around 1100, monks from the St. Hubert abbey (today in the Province of Luxembourg, Belgium) founded a chapel in the village, where they placed a relic of the saint to attract pilgrims. Since the pilgrimage was less succesful than expected, the monks transferred the chapel to their colleagues of Justemont, who were able to boost the pilgrimage into a juicy business. In the 15th century, the Bishop of Metz allowed the monks of Justemont to build a church, which was fortified in the 16th century, completely revamped in 1636 after the Thirty Years' War, and erected a parish church in 1808.
The rolls listing taxes due to the church and civil lords were written
in German until 1659, when the Country of Thionville was incorporated
to France as prescribed by the Treaty of Pyrenees. All the local
archives, in spite of having been hidden in the presbytery of the
neighbouring village of Amnéville, were burned down on 11 November 1793.
In 1790, the municipality of Gandrange and Amnéville was formed, to which the former municipality of Boussange was incorporated by imperial Decree on 22 April 1812. Amnéville seceded as the independent municipality of Stahlheim (Steel City) on 15 June 1902, this part of Lorraine being at the time part of the German Empire.
Source: Municipal website
On 10 September 1969, the "Cathedral" of Gandrange, one of the biggest
steelworks in Europe, was inaugaurated by the French company Usinor.
In 1999, the steelworks was transferred for "one symbolic franc" (that
is, for nothing), to the Indian steel tycon Lakhsmi Mittal, whose
group absorbed in 2006 the group Arcelor (itself formed in 2002 as
the merger of Aceralia [Spain], Arbed [Luxembourg] and Usinor) to form
the ArcelorMittal group. "Acknowledging" the industrial potential of
Gandrange, Mittal promised he would keep the steelworks active.
"Accordingly", ArcelorMittal announced in January 2008 the shutdown of
On 4 February 2008, Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic, visited Gandrange and announced that "the State was prepared to invest as required" to maintain activity on the site and that he would "come back to announce the solution".
On 31 March 2009, the Gandrange steelworks was officially shut down; on 2 April 2009, at 14:00, the steelworks released the last of the 60 millions tons of steel produced over four decades. Nicolas Sarkozy came back to Gandrange, by surprise [to prevent demonstrations], on 15 October 2009, to meet the board of the company and the workers' unions at the town hall of Gandrange.
Ivan Sache, 12 December 2009
The surprise visit of Nicolas Sarkozy (some journalists have claimed that the local authorities were warned of the visit only 20 minutes in advance) in Gandrange on 2 April 2009 has been immortalized in a video capture made by the PR department of the Presidency of the Republic. The first images of the clip show the facade of the town hall of Gandrange, decorated with four flags, from the viewer's right to left, European Union, France, Lorraine, and, most probably, Gandrange - a white flag with a blue coat of arms in the middle.
The coat of arms of Gandrange is presented on the municipal website as
Au premier parti d'azur au massacre de cerf croisé d'or, au second
aussi d'azur semé de fleurs de lys d'or, à la crosse d'argent brochant
sur le tout ("Per pale, 1. Azure a stag's attires bearing a cross all
or, 2. Azure semy with fleurs-de-lis or a crozier argent all over").
There is no explanation given, but we can guess that the left part of the coat of arms recalls the monks from the St. Hubert abbey. The crozier on the right part of the shield must recall the abbey of Justemont, while the fleurs-de-lis might recall the late incorporation of the region ot the Kingdom of France.
Ivan Sache, 12 December 2009