Last modified: 2012-04-21 by ivan sache
Keywords: calvados | houlgate |
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Flg of Houlgate - Image by Arnaud Leroy, 6 January 2004
The municipality of Houlgate (1,988 inhabitants in 2009; 469 ha) is located on the Channel, between Cabourg and Villers-sur-Mer.
The name of Houlgate is of Norse origin, houl meaning hole and gate passage or path.
Houlgate emerged as a sea resort built on the Calvados coast in
the 19th century, when the fad of sea bathing reached France from England.
In 1836, the municipality of Beuzeval had 301 inhabitants. The main
center of the village was built on a hill set back from the beach,
around the 12th century church. The small hamlet of La Mer (the Sea), separated from the main village by the river Drochon, was
inhabited by a few poor fishers.
In 1845-1850, the first hotels were built in La Mer to house the first tourists. Among them, the pension (boarding house) Imbert was revamped in 1877 and renamed Grand Hôtel Imbert. The hotel was added its characteristic rotunda in 1907. The seashore was basically laid out for sea bathing, and the hamlet was renamed Beuzeval-les-Bains.
On the right bank of the river Drochon, a sea resort was built from scratch by a consortium led by Albin Vergniolle, the representative Amédée Renée and the lawyer Victor Delisle. A stone wharf with a promenade was set up, along which a row of four-floor houses were built. Those houses, locally called chalets (a word normally used for the Alps houses), were built in very diverse architectural styles, as it was the case in Trouville-sur-Mer. The Grand Hôtel de la Plage was inaugurated, with 120 rooms, was inaugurated in 1854.
The resort was named Houlgate, for the name of the small hill which borders it. The town hall, the post office and the school were transfered to that part of the municipality. Beuzeval had therefore two sea resorts seprated by the Drochon: Beuzeval-les-Bains, on the left bank, was the seat of an important Protestant colony, while Houlgate, on the right bank, attracted a richer Catholic clientele. The municipality was renamed Beuzeval-Houlgate in 1898; Beuzeval was eventually dropped from the name in 1905.
The 1880-1914 period was the Gilded Age of Houlgate, the two historical parts of the resort keeping distinct clienteles according to the religion. For instance, Queen Ranavalo of Madagascar stayed at the Grand Hôtel Imbert whereas queen Isabel II of Spain stayed at the Grand Hôtel de la Plage.
Houlgate has kept most of the 200 century villas built in the 19th century, including the five "American" villas Junatia, Tacoma, Minnehaha, Merrimac and Columbia. In the hinterland, the Beuzeval Manor was built in 1865 in English Gothic style.
Source: Marcel Miocque, municipal website.
The coast between Trouville-sur-Mer and Cabourg is known as la Côte Fleurie (The Flower Coast). Several parts of the French seashore have received such alluding names. The most famous of these coasts is the Côte d'Azur, a name coined by Stephen Liégeard in 1887 to popularize the French Riviera.
Different resorts of the Côte Fleurie claim to have invented this nickname. The expression seems to have been coined in 1903 during a public conference by Count Raymond Constant d'Yanville (1862-1941), President of the Société d'Horticulture de l'Arrondissement de Pont-l'Evêque. It is not sure, however, that Yanville actually invented the expression. The tourist guide released in 1905 by the municipality of Houlgate was subtitled La Côte Fleurie. Since the two municipal gardeners of Houlgate had attended Yanville's conference, it is highly probable that they encouraged the municipality to use the nickname. In 1909, the subtitle was changed to La Perle de la Côte Fleurie, unchanged until today. In 1912, Deauville and Cabourg adopted the nickname of La Plage Fleurie (The Flowered Beach) and La Plage des Fleurs (The Flowers' Beach), respectively.
Source: B.W. Bergen, municipal website.
Ivan Sache, 6 January 2004
The flag of Houlgate is white with the municipal logo.
The green "H" of Houlgate, with a yellow horizontal bar, could symbolize the former two parts of the sea resort and the beach which links them.
The coat or arms of Houlgate, in use at least since 1947, is "Gules a bend sinister between two lions passant or three scallops sable".
Arnaud Leroy & Ivan Sache, 6 January 2004
Observations made in summer and autumn 2003 seem to indicate that the tourist office of Houlgate uses another flag including a more complicated logo with the motto La Perle de la Côte Fleurie.
Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 6 January 2004