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Sayalonga (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2017-01-07 by ivan sache
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Flag of Sayalonga - Image from the Símbolos de Málaga website, 22 September 2016


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Presentation of Sayalonga

The municipality of Sayalonga (1,505 inhabitants in 2015; 1,830 ha) is located 50 km east of Málaga. The municipality is made of the villages of Sayalonga and Corumbela (228 inh.).

Ivan Sache, 22 September 2016


Symbols of Sayalonga

The flag and arms of Sayalonga, adopted on 9 December 2009 by the Municipal Council and submitted the next day to the Directorate General of the Local Administration, are prescribed by a Resolution adopted on 17 December 2009 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 7 January 2010 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 3, p. 41 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular panel, in proportions 2 (width) 3 (length), horizontally divided into two stripes of equal width, the upper, orange, and the lower, white. In the center, the municipal coat of arms.
Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Azure the town of Corumbela on a background of vineyards proper ensigned by a dove proper, 2. Azure a saya of the same decorated or. Grafted in base an olive tree proper. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The memoir supporting the proposed symbols, submitted on 10 December 2008, was redacted by Valentín Fernández Camacho, archivist of Sayalonga. Drawings were made by Jesús Moreno Moreno.
The symbols were designed to replace those partially created in 1985 by Mateo Gallego Sánchez. On the arms, the village of Corumbela was represented by the arms of the Marquisate of Comares, to which it once belonged; these arms feature the Moorish King Boabdil with a chain attached to the neck, which is not compliant either with the Spanish Constitution or the Andalusian Law on Local Symbols.

On the flag, orange represents quince, whose extraordinary yields in Sayalonga are of national fame. It also represents the men and women of Sayalonga who have united their strengths.
White is a symbol of Corumbela, a white dove hanging over the mountains, and its white-washed houses.

The saya, already present on the old version of the arms, was maintained on the proposed new arms. The saya, a full women's cloth, makes the arms canting. Juan Antonio Chavarría Vargas (Contribución al estudio de la toponimia latino-mozárabe de la Axarquía de Málaga) believes that the name of Sayalonga is of Latin-Mozarab origin; it could refer to the shape of the village spreading along the hill like a full women's tunic; the same author, however, proposes that Sayalonga could come from the Germanic word sala, "a lord's estate", and the Latin word longo, "long".
Still according to Juan Antonio Chavarría Vargas, the name of Corumbela is of Latin origin, from the toponym Columba, "a dove", referring to the shape of the town, like a flying dove surrounded by mountains. The representation of Corumbela has been designed by the villager Rafael García Almenara,
The olive tree used in the base of the shield already appeared on the shield used by the town until 1931; the olive tree must refer to the abundance of the trees on the municipal territory.

The former arms were "Per pale, 1. Argent a saya azure, 2. Per fess, 1. Or three fesses gules, 2. Argent Boabdil with a chain attached to the neck. A bordure argent inscribed 'Omnia per ipso facto sunt" in letters sable. Grafted in base, Or an olive tree vert."

Ivan Sache, 22 September 2016