Last modified: 2010-10-08 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: spain | andalusia | lucena | cordoba | triband: horizontal (blue-white-green) | magen david (white) | castle (yellow) |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors
image by Wikipedia User:Hameryko, 16 Jul 2009
The municpality of Lucena (41,698 inhabitants in 2008; 35,109 ha) is located 70 km south of Córdoba, near the geographic center of Andalusia.
The origin of the name of Lucena is disputed: Latin "Luciena" (Lucius' estate), Hebrew "Eli Ossana" (God save us); or Moorish "al-Yussana." In the Middle Ages, Lucena was indeed known as "The Town of the Three Cultures" (Muslim, Jewish and Christian) or "The Sefarad Pearl," with the most important Jewish community in Al-Andalus. In the 9th-12th centuries, Lucena was inhabited only by Jews, who set up a university in the town. In 1148, the Almohad rulers invaded and sacked the "Jews' Town," whose inhabitants had refused to abjure their religion. The survivors moved northwards to Toledo, a much more tolerant place, where they founded a famous translators' school. The antique synagogue, called "Juderia" is still visible in town. In 1240, Lucena was seized by King Fernand III the Saint. Reconquered by the Moors in 1333, the town was eventually incorporated in the Kingdom of Castile in 1483, when Diego III Fernández de Córdoba defeated in the Battle of Lucena the last Nasrid king of Granada, Boabdil, who was jailed for a while in the Castle of Moral.
An important agriculture center, Lucena is the second producer of olives in the world and an important place of wine trade (Montilla- Moriles wines); the town has also a strong industrial component, being the second producer of furniture and the first producer of refrigeration in Spain.
Source: Lucena tourism website
Ivan Sache, 16 Jul 2009
The flag of Lucena was approved by the Municipal Council on 29 March 2005 and submitted on 11 May 2005 to the General Directorate of Local Administration, which confirmed it by Decree on 20 May 2005, published in the Andalusian official gazette (Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Andalucía, BOJA) No. 106 on 2 June 2005.
The relevant parts of the Decree are the following:
The flag shall be rectangular, with proportions of 3 in length on 2 in hoist, made of three equal horizontal stripes, blue, white and green from top to bottom. Centered all over, the coat of arms of the town.
The symbols should be registered on the Andalusian Register of Local Entities, with their official written description and graphics (as originally submitted, but unfortunately not appended to the Decree).
Source: BOJA No. 106, p. 38, 02 Jun 2005
Ivan Sache, 16 Jul 2009