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Canary Islands (Spain): Political movements

Last modified: 2015-05-02 by ivan sache
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Free Canary Islands (Canarias Libre)

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Flag of Free Canary Islands - Image by Jaume Ollé, 13 December 1996

The Free Canary Islands movement, established in 1961, used for the first time on 8 September 1961 the current colours but with different proportions.

Jaume Ollé, 13 December 1996


Movement for the Self-Determination and Independence of the Canary Archipelago (Movimiento por la Autodeterminación y la Independencia del Archipielago Canario - MPAIAC)

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Flag of MPAIAC - Image by José Manuel Erbez, 15 March 2010

According to José Manuel Erbez (Banderas y escudos de Canarias, 2007; website), MPAIAC was established on 22 October 1964 in Algiers by Antonio Cubillo, from Tenerife. MPAIAC claims a Berber state called Azarug, including the Canary Islands and parts of the opposite Western coast of Africa. Though the party did not play a role in the elections, different variants of their flag can be found rather often, at least in Puerto de la Cruz and the valley of La Orotava. The seven green stars stress that the Canarians are originally had been of Berberian (African) stwck.
According to Antonio Cubillo, "white means the water of the mountains that brings life to the land, yellow is Canary yellow like the singing birds and like the wealth of the colonized fatherland, and the sky blue is the sky where are located the seven green stars that represent the seven islands with the colour green standing for hope, for we all hope to live some day free in this archipelago."

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Variant of the flag of MPAIAC - Image by Klaus-Michael Schneider & Eugene Ipavec, 15 March 2010

A variant spotted on 13 February in Puerto de la Cruz near the central market shows the five-pointed stars all pointing to the circle's centre.

Jaume Ollé & Klaus-Michael Schneider, 15 March 2010


Early independentist movements in Venzuela

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Early independentist flags - Images by Jaume Ollé, 13 December 1996

The MIC, established in the 1950s, used a flag based on the maritime registration flags of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (blue with a white saltire) and and of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (diagonally divided blue-yellow).
Another movement of this time proposed the creation of the Independent Republic of the Atlantic (República Independiente del Atlántico) that used a flag also based on the maritime registration flags, including seven red stars.
These a Canarian independentist movements were based in Venezuela, with a very scarce influence in the islands.

Jaume Ollé, 21 August 1999


Republic of Canaries (Awanyak n Teknara)

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Flag of the Republic of Canaries - Image by Eugene Ipavec, 3 October 2010

Quoting Diario de Canarias:

The colours of the Taknara flag are white, celestial blue and yellow. White and nlue are displayed in two narrow stripes, representing peace and liberty, respectively. Yellow, the antonomastic colour of the Canaries, dominates our national flag.
In the middle is placed a pre-Coombian painting repesenting our national roots and identity and replaces the seven stars, since the Taknara national territory ibcludes not only the archipelago, but also the continental departments of Tarfaya and Targa Tazeggwaght.
The proportions of the flag of Awanyak n Teknara xhall be 7:12, like those (of the flags of Greece and of the US state of Missouri.

Jens Patke & Ivan Sache, 3 September 2005


Anti-independentist flag

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Anti-indepedentist flag - Image by António Martins, 10 May 2010

A flag mixing the Canarian and Spanish flag is used by people against Canarian independentism. The flag is rectangular with equal-sized, white-blue-yellow vertical stripes in its top half, then equal-sized, red-yellow-red, horizontal stripes in its bottom half.

Al Kirsch & Alejandro Salamanca, 8 July 2008