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Spain: Royal standard

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Royal standard of Felipe VI - Image by Zoltán Horváth, 19 June 2014

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Royal standard of Felipe VI

The Royal standard was hoisted when Felipe VI, the new king of Spain, entered the Zarsuela palace in Madrid (photo). It was hoisted on the balcony, where the King was presentd to the people. The standard was, however, purple and not blue, which even surprised the reporter.
Indeed, Felipe VI returned to tradition and a purple (crismon) flag (official image) was adopted as his Royal standard, together with renewed coat of arms (official image).
[One Magazine, 2 June 2014]

Jan-Patrick Fischer, Jose C. Alegria, Luis Miguel Arias, and Zoltán Horváth, 19 June 2014

Royal standard of Juan Carlos I


Royal standard of Juan Carlos I - Image by Luis Miguel Arias, 26 February 2004

Juan Carlos' standard was square, blue field with the Royal coat of arms in the center.
The 1971 and 1977 regulations make reference to two flags: the guión, which may be translated as "guidon" in the medieval sense of "the flag that indicates the king's position", and the estandarte or standard. The guidon is defined in the first place, as a very specific flag, with fixed dimensions: 80 cm in side, the coat of arms 44 cm in height, a fringe 22 mm in width, precise material, etc. Only later, the standard is defined as usual, looking like the guidon without the fringe, within a certain range of sizes.

Royal arms


Royal arms - Image by Luis Miguel Arias, 26 February 2004

The Royal coat of arms is only defined as a part of the flag, like the the fringe, for instance, instead of being defined as a separate emblem, which the king shall use in many other cases stationery, seals, tapestries etc.

The lion in the Royal arms is not purpure, as in the national arms, but gules (red). Compared to the arms of the last kings of Spain, Alfonso XII and Alfonso XIII, the current royal arms have only the quarterings in the modern national arms and incorporate the Cross of Burgundy (with several interpretations, one of which is to show that King John Charles joins both the official and the Carlist claims to the throne), the yoke and arrows of the Catholic Kings (Elisabeth and Ferdinand) and the Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
The yoke and arrows, as well as the Cross of Burgundy were incorporated to the Prince's (later King's) standard in 1971 as "the symbols of the National Movement" (the single party under General Franco's regime), and remained there after the transition to democracy.
For some odd reason, the emerald is missing at the centre of the Navarre arms on the Royal standard, as described in the 1971 and 1977 Decree.

Santiago Dotor, 4 September 2001

Standard of Felipe, Prince of Asturias

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Standard and arms of the Prince of Asturias - Images by Santiago Dotor, 19 March 2001

The guidon and standards of the Prince of Asturias (Felipe de Borbó crowned King as Felipe VI in 2014) is prescribed by Royal Decree No. 284, adopted on 16 March 2001 and published on 17 March 2001 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 66, pp. 9,936-9,937 (text).
The colour of the flag is prescribed as the same as for the flag of Asturias (Pantone 829).

The arms as depicted in the Royal Decree follow neither the official design of the King's qrms nor that of the national arms. Instead the design seems very similar in style to the greater arms of Spain as they appear on Philip II's mausoleum at the monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. The lion is almost identical in all three cases. The castle used on the new Prince's arms is different from the other two but still is heraldically more correct. It looks like a proper heraldical castle, rather than as a tower with three more thin towers emerging from it which is how it looks like both in the "official" design of the Spanish arms and in those used by the king.

The new standard of the Prince of Asturias was used for the first time on board of the Juan Sebastián Elcano, the tall ship of the Spanish Navy, when it sailed close to the coast of Gijón (Asturias) on 12 July 2001. Prince Felipe was on board and wanted to get close to the Asturian coast in his first trip to this region since the standard was approved. The ship, on her way from Santander to Marín, sailed into Gijón Bay and hoisted, at that point, the Royal standard at the top of the main mast.

Santiago Dotor & , 9 September 2002

Standard of the Queen and Infantas

According to Regulation No. 213-S/432/94, released on 8 April 1994 by theJoint Defense Staff (EMACON), the Royal standard could also be used by the Queen and the King's daughters (Infantas). The Regulation originally included the Prince of Asturias, but this was suppressed with the adoption of his own standard in March 2001.
The regulation mentions that this was also done "in earlier times." However, the standard for the King's children until 1931 was a swallow-tailed variant of the Royal standard.

Luis Miguel Arias & Santiago Dotor, 11 September 2002

Royal yachts

On his yachts, all named Fortuna, the King usually flew at the stern the yacht ensign and the Royal standard at the boat's centre. Most time he flew the burgee of the local sailing club, too (for instance, Real Club Náutico de Palma Yacht Club). However, he flew at the stern on special occasions the flag of the Spanish Sailing Federation, which is similar to the yacht flag. Until 1931, Alfonso XIII, and before him, his father Alfonso XII, always used at the stern on his royal sailing yacht Giralda the flag of the Spanish Federation of Nautical Clubs.

Emil Dreyer & José Carlos Alegria, 25 June 2000

Standard of Juan Carlos as Prince of Asturias

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Standard and arms of Juan Carlos, Prince of Asturias - Images by Luis Miguel Arias, 26 February 2004

The standars of Juan Carlos when Prince of Asturias (1971-1975) was a square, dark blue flag with the Prince's coat of arms in the middle. Spanish heraldry makes little if any use of cadency marks, so the only difference between the King's and the Heir Prince's arms is the crown. The King's coat of arms has a Royal crown (with 8 arches, of which 5 are visible) while the Prince's coat of arms has a Prince's crown (with only 4 arches, of which 3 are visible).
The flag was abolished by the Law of 21 January 1977; it might have been re-adopted (for Prince Felipe) by Order No. 1, released on 13 May 1982 by the Army Staff, which corrected several errors in the Law adopted in 1977.

Santiago Dotor, 20 March 2001