Last modified: 2013-11-20 by german editorial team
Keywords: saar territory |
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image by Mark Sensen
Flag adopted 28th July 1920, abolished 1st March 1935
This flag was only used by the authorities of the territory. It was
never popular. The people used the German black-white-red
and more and more the Swastika flag by about
Pascal Vagnat, 22 Apr 1998
In the ”Fifth Report of the Saar Basin Governing Commission”, published in The League of Nations Official Journal, we find some information relating to the arms and flag of the Saar during the League of Nations period from 1920 to 1935.
The Governing Commission introduced arms and flag for the Saar to “emphasize
the political autonomy of the Saar Territory.” It is explained that “The
arms combine the arms of the four principal towns of the Territory.”
Further, the English language version of the text explains that “The colour of the field of the coat-of-arms of the Territory was chosen from the three colours of the Saar-flag, black, white and blue (arranged in horizontal stripes, the black in the lower portion, the blue in the upper portion).”
This suggests that the flag was the primary symbol from which the colours of the arms were taken. However, the French language text states: “Les couleurs du champ des armes du Territoire ont donné les trois couleurs du drapeau de la Sarre…” indicating the opposite.
Source: League of Nations Official Journal, Vol. 1, 1920, pp. 65-66.
Further details on the arms are found in the Annex to the report:
“At its Meeting on July 21st, 1920, the Governing Commission decided that the Coat of Arms of the Saar Basin Territory should be as follows:
- First. Sable, a rowel argent debruising two mallets of the same.
- Second. Argent, a rose gules.
- Third: Argent, a sun rising or.
- Fourth. Azure, a lion argent between four crosses of the same.”
Source: League of Nations Official Journal, Vol. 1, 1920, pp. 78.
Note also that the date reported is a bit earlier than the adoption date given in the FOTW-ws. Probably the first date is the date of adoption, whereas the second, later date is the date of publication.
Further, on page 79 an illustration labelled “Stempel der Regierungskommission
des Saargebiets” (Seal of the Governing Commission of the Saar Territory)
is provided. In addition to the arms, the seal bears the inscription “Regierungskommission
des Saargebiets” and “13.2.1920”. The seal is flanked by two torches.
Jan Oskar Engene, 9 Dec 2004