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Šumperk okres, Czech Republic

Olomouc region

Last modified: 2017-11-11 by andrew weeks
Keywords: sumperk |
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List of municipalities

Bludov, Bohdíkov, Bohuslavice, Bohutín, Branná, Bratrušov, Brníčko, Bušín, Chromeč, Dlouhomilov, Dolní Studénky, Drozdov, Dubicko, Hanušovice, Horní Studénky, Hoštejn, Hraběšice, Hrabišín, Hrabová, Hynčina, Jakubovice, Janoušov, Jedlí, Jestřebí, Jindřichov, Kamenná, Klopina, Kolšov, Kopřivná, Kosov, Krchleby, Lesnice, Leština, Libina, Líšnice, Loštice, Loučná nad Desnou, Lukavice, Malá Morava, Maletín, Mírov, Mohelnice, Moravičany, Nemile, Nový Malín, Olšany, Oskava, Petrov nad Desnou, Palonín, Pavlov, Písařov, Police, Postřelmov, Postřelmůvek, Rájec, Rapotín, Rejchartice, Rohle, Rovensko, Ruda nad Moravou, Šléglov, Sobotín, Staré Město, Stavenice, Štíty, Sudkov, Šumperk, Svébohov, Třeština, Úsov, Velké Losiny, Vernířovice, Vikantice, Vikýřovice, Vyšehoří, Zábřeh, Zborov, Zvole.
Data from this site.

Klopina municipality flag

[Klopina flag] image by Jarig Bakker, 27 Jul 2005
adopted 5 Oct 2004

Image after Petr Exner's Vexilologický Lexikon prapory obcí Čr (2004) - Klopina municipality, Šumperk district, Olomouc region - flag adopted 5 October 2004.
Jarig Bakker, 27 Jul 2005


Leština municipality flag

[Leština flag] image by Jarig Bakker, 25 Aug 2005
adopted 27 Feb 2004

Image after Petr Exner's Vexilologický Lexikon prapory obcí Čr (2004) - Leština municipality, Šumperk district, Olomouc region - flag 27 February 2004. Within the white circle are three yellow hazelnuts in their green wrappings..
Jarig Bakker, 25 Aug 2005

Botanists call the wrappings an involucre (French word, from New Latin "involucrum"), defined as "one or more whorls of bracts situated below and close to a flower, flower cluster, or fruit".
A bract (New Latin "bractea", from Latin, thin metal plate) is a leaf borne on a floral axis, especially one subtending a flower or a flower cluster.
Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

Hazel trees (Corylus (Tourn.) L.) belong to the family of Betulaceae, along with birches (Betulus (Tourn.) L.), alders (Alnus (Tourn.) Gaertn.) and hornbeams (Carpinus (Tourn.) L.).
The European species of hazel trees have different kinds of involucres:
- Common hazel tree (Corylus avellana L.), aka European hazeltree, has an involucre as long as the nut and irregularly serrated up to the half of its length.
- Byzantium hazel tree (Corylus colurna L.) has an involucre longer than the nut and deeply serrated.
- Great hazeltree (Corylus maxima Miller) has a tubular involucre completely wrapping the nut and closed by a serrated collaret.

The representation of the nuts on the flag matches well the common hazel tree, which is the most widespread in Europe. The two other species are Balkanic but have been introduced all over Europe, especiall Corylus maxima var. atropurpureus, with purple leaves. The nuts are grouped by 2-4, which makes the cluster of three nuts shown on the flag botanically correct.
Source: C.J. Humphries, J.R. Press & D.A. Sutton. Tous les arbres d'Europe. Bordas, 1984.
Ivan Sache, 27 Aug 2005


Vikýřovice municipality flag

[Vikýrovice municipality flag] image by Blas Delgado Ortiz, 15 Sep 2001
adopted 27 Mar 2000

Image after Petr Exner's Vexilologický Lexikon prapory obcí Čr (2000) - Vikýřovice municipality, Sumperk district, Olomouc region - flag adopted 27 March 2000.
Jarig Bakker, 16 Nov 2003


Zvole municipality flag

[Zvole flag] image by Blas Delgado Ortiz, 21 Apr 2002
adopted 28 Apr 1996

Image after Petr Exner's Vexilologický Lexikon prapory obcí Čr (1996) - Zvole municipality, Sumperk district, Olomouc region - flag adopted 28 April 1996.
Jarig Bakker, 16 Nov 2003