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Cartagena de Indias (Bolivar, Colombia)

Cartagena de Indías

Last modified: 2013-08-08 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: bolivar | colombia | cartagena | cartagena de indias | nueva granada | barranquilla |
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image by Carlos Thompson, 8 May 2003


image by Carlos Thompson, 10 November 2004



See also:


The Flag

This was the Cartagena State flag (1811-14) and the United Provinces of Nueva Granada provisional flag (1814). The star is eighpointed
Jaume Ollé, 8 September 1996

Above is the flag according the constitution provisions. Same image is feautured in the arms. The 8 pointed yellow star is the supposed original flag of the republic of Cartagena was described only after that the provincial flag was already adopted. When the provincial flag was adopted the Cartagena republic flag was reconstructed as the above and was adopted as such.
Jaume Ollé , 15 May 2000

I live in Barranquilla, Atlantico, Colombia. A green, red-white-fringed, five-point star flag is the flag of the city of Barranquilla, and the 8 Points Star Version is one is the Cartagena's. Cartagena is the capital of the Bolivar department.
Carlos A. Leiva, 18 July 2000

At the official site <www.alcaldiadecartagena.com> , one can see the municipal symbols. Note the shape of the star and the respective proportions of the rectanglesas as opposed to the Previously Reported Flag.
Translated from that site:
"FLAG CUADRILONGA  - With the independence and the formation of the Sovereign State of Cartagena, in 1812, along with the republican shield, a republican flag was adopted composed of three rectangles or longos squares (for that reason it is called cuadrilonga ), of colors red, yellow and green and in its center a white tienuna stars of eight points. It had been speculated on the meaning of the three rectangles; on the three used colors and the mentioned star. Nevertheless, it was not been possible to find no document that indicates such meaning with exactitude . Until now the version that seems best guessed right is that the eight ends of the star correspond to the eight provinces that originally formed the Sovereign State of Cartagena. In any case, the Cuadrilonga Flag had an outstanding figuration as the one to be taken as standard by Bolivar when in 1812 he undertook the so-called Admirable Campaign from Cartagena which culminated with the liberation of Caracas, to which the liberator arrived with the flag of Cartagena in his hands. It is the same flag of Barranquilla, being the Flag of the State (old Province) of Cartagena, of which that city was part."
Dov Gutterman, 21 January and 22 Febuary 2002

The flag I remember have seen flying is more alike the Previously Reported Flag, than the newly reported one. I have a photo that I took last time I was in Cartagena (last year), and it seems to agree with the proportions of the previusly reported flag, and the shade of green is similar to the one from Barranquilla or the historical flag of Cartagena.
I have found two sites: <www.cartagena.com.co> and <www.cartagenacaribe.com>, each with a different version of the flag. I am pretty sure that the cuadrilonga's vertical and horizontal strips are the same width.
Carlos Thompson, 17 March 2003 and 8 May 2003

Most flags displayed in Cartagena do show a diference of Barranquilla and historical Cartagena flag.: non of the points in the star points to the top.  as shown in <www.cartagenacaribe.com> .  I do not know, however, if there is an official difference.
Carlos Thompson, 10 November 2004


"Consejo de Cartagena" Flag


image by Eugene Ipavec, 31 December 2009

On December 11 I visited Cartagena , and saw the Consejo (Council), the Legislative body in a Municipality in Colombia (each Municipality in the country has one). Outside of their offices I saw a flag which was a rectangular white background with the Colonial Coat of Armsin the middle. The flag has the Coat of Arms on the obverse as well as the reverse.
E.R.., 31 December 2009


Coat of Arms


"Colonial" CoA
image from <www.alcaldiadecartagena.com>, located by Dov Gutterman, 21 January 2002


"Republican" CoA
image from <www.cartagena.com.co>, located by Carlos Thompson, 17 March 2003

Note: Cartagena City changed its Coat of Arms. This one is probably the previous CoA.
Felipe Carrillo, 13 Febuary 2003

Recently there have been a debate about changing the coat of arms of Cartagena.  The one above has been the CoA since 1574, with a few interruptions.  The mayor wants to change the CoA for the one used by the independentists in 1812.  While the first one (also known as "colonial") is the most known, some historians agree that both the "colonial" and the "republican" are current coats of arms of Cartagena. See also <www.cartagena.com.co> and <www.cartagenacaribe.com>.
Carlos Thompson, 17 March 2003

See also image Colonial Coat of Arms from: GARCÍA, Julio Cesar. "Himnos y Símbolos de Nuestra Colombia". Camer Editores. 2000, and image of Republican Coat of Arms and the flasg from a book by Evangelista Quintana Rentería.
Esteban Rivera, 22 March 2004


"Republican" CoA
image from <Bulletin No. 88 of the Fundación Numismáticos de Colombia>, located by Esteban Rivera, 01 February 2013

The "Republican" Coat of Arms of Cartagena was originally intended to be used as the Seal for official documents and charge a Postal Tax on all documents sealed with it, a measure adopted in the rest of the newly independent States ( ) as a way for colecting taxes (public income for the State to cover its own expenses). The first mention of this Seal was on , and later this same Seal was replicated onto coins, the latter being mentioned first on the Gazeta 14 (Gazette 14) of July 16, 1812, not having the same detail though, as seen in the following pages of the document.
Source: Bulletin No. 88 of the Fundación Numismáticos de Colombia ISSN-0122-1345, Numismatics of Colombia, firs semester of 2010 Foundation, found here.
Esteban Rivera, 01 February 2013


Previously Reported Flags


image by Petr Exner and Ivan Sache, 22 Febuary 2002


image by Ivan Sache, 22 Febuary 2002