Last modified: 2011-08-27 by bruce berry
Keywords: congo | brazzaville | star: 5 points (yellow) | hammer | hoe | palm leaves |
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2:3~. Image by Željko Heimer, 26 May 2001
People's Republic of Congo flag (1969-1991)
Following a Marxist revolution in 1964, a one
party state was established in the Republic of Congo
(Congo-Brazzaville) in December 1969 and the country was renamed the People’s Republic of Congo and a new flag based
on the that of the former Soviet Union was adopted. At
the National Conference for the Restoration of Democracy held in 1991,
multiparty democracy was restored and it was also decided to re-adopt the
original flag, arms and national anthem.
Bruce Berry, 12 Mar 2011
The People's Republic constitution adopted a
new flag on the 30 December 1969. The flag was Soviet-inspired but still used the same three colours
as found on the previous flag. The hammer and hoe were a variation of the hammer and sickle, and the yellow star represented
the leading role of the one legal party. The red symbolised the blood shed by
the anti-colonialist fighters in the struggle for independence. Following the
end of the one party regime, a new constitution went in force on the 10 June 1991
and the original flag was restored.
Dov Gutterman, 11 Jan 1999
The adoption date of the new flag is 30th December 1969 - same as the new
constitution. The flag, the constitution and the "People's Republic" name went
in force 01 January 1970.
The red flag is a copy of the Parti Congolais du travail (PCT) ( the Congolese Labour Party).
Jean-Francois Blanc, 01 Dec 1999
Army flag of the People's Republic of Congo
image by Jaume Ollé, 08 Dec 1995
The parade flag of the Army of the People's Republic of Congo adopted
on 01 January 1970 was a variation of the national flag with the name of the country inscribed
in gold beneath the emblem.
Jaume Ollé, 08 Dec 1995