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Limoeiro, Pernambuco (Brazil)

Last modified: 2012-03-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: pernambuco | limoeiro |
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Limoeiro, PE (Brazil) image by Dirk Schönberger, 13 May 2011

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About the Flag

Horizontally divided, white over red, with the municipal arms centerd.

Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 13 May 2011

The municipality of Limoeiro (55,390 inhabitants in 2010; 270 sq. km) is located in eastern Pernambuco, 80 km of Recife. Limoeiro originates in an Indian hamlet evangelized in 1730-1740 by Father Ponciano Coelho. The district of Limoeiro was established on 16 June 1786. The municipality of Limoeiro was established on 6 April 1893. The name of the town ("lemon-tree") alludes to the alleged foundation of the chapel dedicated to the Virgin of the Presentation. When Father Ponciano decided to build a chapel in the village of Poço do Pau, on the estate owned by Alexandro de Moura, the statue of the Blessed Virgin disappeared from the chapel and was found in a lemon-tree; the event repeated several times, until Ponciano understood that the Virgin wanted a chapel to be built near the lime-tree, at the site of the present day's parish church.

The symbols of Limoeiro were designed by the famous novelist, poet and playwright Ariano Suassuna (b. 1927). Born in Nossa Senhora das Neves (today's João Pessoa, the capital of Paraíba), Suassuna studied law in Recife, where he founded the Pernambuco Students' Theatre, together with Hermilo Borba Filho. His play "Auto do Compadecida" (1955) was named in 1962 by Sábato Magaldi "the most popular text in modern Brazilian theatre". Suassuna and Borba Filho founded in 1959 the Nordeste People's Theatre. In 1970, Suassuna established the "Movimento Armorial", interested in the development and study of the traditional people's culture. Elected in 1989 at the Brazilian Academy of Literature, Suassuna was featured in 2004 in the documentary "O Sertão: Mundo de Ariano Suassuna", shot by Douglas Machado.

White represents peace while red represents vitality. Green recalls the main color of the national flag. Yellow represents gold. More specifically, the yellow disks represents lemons ("limões"), making the arms canting. The scroll is charged with the years of first colonization ("1751") and political emancipation ("1893").

The flag can be seen on photos taken during the civic parade held on 7 September 2009.

Ivan Sache, 6 March 2012