Last modified: 2012-08-01 by ivan sache
Keywords: yerevan | lion (orange) | lion (yellow) | triangles: 12 (red) | yerevan state university | torch (yellow) | building (yellow) | ararat | national library of armenia |
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Flag of Yerevan - Image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 11 December 2004
Yerevan (1,250,000 inhabitants), located at 1040 m a.s.l. near the
border with Turkey, is the capital of Armenia. The town was already known in the 8th century BC as Erebuni, in the country of Urartu. The Armenians succeeded the Urartians around 600 BC. Yerevan remained a small, isolated fortress; when the Russians occupied the town in 1827, its population was 11,000, only half of them being Armenians.
In 1913, the population reached only 30,000.
During the Soviet era, the population of Yerevan dramatically increased. Several agencies and organisms were located there; Yerevan became the political, administrative, cultural and industrial capital of the Armenian SSR. The town increased along the banks of river Razdan, the single emissary of Lake Sevan. The water of the river allowed irrigation of the dry lands of the suburbs of the town and electricity production, which boosted the economical development of the town.
Source: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Ivan Sache, 16 April 2005
The symbols of Erevan are presented on the municipal website.
Valentin Poposki, 9 September 2011
Quoting the ArmInfo news agency, 27 September 2004:
Today the Council of Yerevan Municipality approved the flag and anthem of the Armenian capital Yerevan. Talking to journalists, Deputy Mayor Arman Sahakyan [...] said that the flag of Yerevan shows a white field with an image of a lion holding a scepter. The lion is surrounded with 12 small red triangles symbolizing 11 former and the current capital of Armenia on a white field. The flag shows the three colours of the Armenian national flag on itself. The lion is on orange background with blue edging. The painter and designer, member of the Union of Painters and the Union of Designers of Armenia, author of the models of the Armenian coins, Karapet Abrahamyan, and the painter and designer, Vice Chairman of the Union of Painters of Armenia, Karapet Pashyan, won the first place in the contest.
Yerevan's flag and anthem will be presented on October 13 at the National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet in the course of a solemn session of Yerevan Municipality on the occasion of the 2,786th anniversary of the town.[...].
Victor Lomantsov, 14 April 2005
The lettering in the base of the shield says "Erevan", spelt in Armenian letters (ԵՐԵՎԱՆ, upper case; and Երեվան, lower case.)
António Martins, 12 December 2004
The lion of the shield is believed to be a personal symbol of King of Ararat (Urartu) Argishti I. The image is based on the one from the restored frescoes from the Great Hall of the Royal palace within the complex of the fort of Erebuni (Arin-berd). Ruins of Erebuni fort are preserved to this day and are part of the Erebuni Museum in Yerevan. The monument to Argishti I was unveiled next to the entrance to this museum in 2002.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 12 December 2004
Former flag of Yerevan - Image by Luc Baronian, 24 April 2005
A friend (who prefers to remain anonymous) reported seeing the flag of Yerevan in the summer of 2001. It is very similar to the current town flag adopted in 2004: white with the town arms, except that the arms are gold and there are no red triangles around the arms. Proportions are unknown, I gave them the same as the flag adopted in 2004.
The same friend also reported four white flags, each with one of the four emblems on the quarters of the Armenian arms in black. Precise detail of the flags is lacking.
Luc Baronian, 24 April 2005
Flag of Yerevan State University - Image by Victor Lomantsov, 16 October 2006
On 16 May 1919, the Republic of Armenia Ministers Council decided to found a university in Yerevan. This was realized on 31 January 1920 in Alexandrapol (now Gyumri) Trade School. Today the Yerevan State University (YSU) has 22 Faculties.
Source: YSU website
The YSU flag (YSU website) is in proportions 1:2, blue, with a golden fringe and in the center the round, gold-coloured emblem of the university.
The YSU emblem shows in center a sketch of the university central building, on top is Mt. Ararat, an opened book is placed below, and the torch in the left side symbolizes science. It bears the trilingual inscription (Armenian, Russian, English), "Yerevan State University, 1919".
Valentin Poposki, 13 October 2006
Quoting Armine Ghazarian, AZG - Armenia Daily (English translation), 20 November 2007:
[...] The flag of the library is orange and symbolizes the Armenian purple. The designer is Ervand Mkrtchian. The World is pictured on the flag; an open book is on it with the letters HAG (Armenian National Library).
The image has its explanation: the book unifies the peoples of the world [...]
Deputy Director Rafik Ghazarian presented the historical past of the library and mentioned that during its 175-year existence it is the third flag of the library.
Ivan Sache, 24 November 2007