Last modified: 2009-07-26 by ian macdonald
Keywords: dravida munnetra kazhagam |
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Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Dravidian Progress Party), often abbreviated to
DMK, is the current governing party in the state of Tamil Nadu. It was founded
in 1949 as the result of a split in the Dravidar Kazhagam. Its founder and first
president (1949-1969) was C. N. Annadurai; since 1969, the president is M.
Karunanidhi, the current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. 
The party flag is black-red horizontal bicolour, which symbolizes "rising sunlight" - the emancipation of Dravidian people . Currently there is no evidence to be found for that, but it is quite possible that the flag was designed by M. Karunanidhi, because he had designed the flag of the Dravidar Kazhagam while he was its member , and flags of both parties have the same colours and symbolism.
The shade of red colour seems not to be always the same. The photos from the Hindu images website [4, 5] show the FIAV colour R+, but the party website  shows mostly FIAV colour R. The Wikipedia is also divided about this: the page in English  shows FIAV colour R, and the page in Catalan  shows the FIAV colour R+; the page in Catalan also adds a golden sun in the centre of the flag, but that is obviously incorrect, because the party emblem is rising sun which emerges between two mountains [1, 7], whose disc, if painted, is red . It is possible that the colour was originally intended to be R, but was changed to R+, which seems to be much more used on political flags in India than R, so as to be better distinguished from orange/saffron, a colour more frequently used in India than in other countries.
The aspect ratio also seems not to be always fixed, but the cited sources show that 2:3 prevails, so it is used for the attached images.
The image above shows the flag of the DMK as seen on the photos. The flag as seen on the party web site is shown below.
 Wikipedia page about the DMK (in English): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dravida_Munnetra_Kazhagam
 Wikipedia page about Dravidian parties and their flags: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dravidian_Parties#Flags
 Wikipedia page about the Justice Party - transformation into the Dravidar Kazhagam: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justice_Party_%28India%29#Change_of_Name_and_Transformation
 The Hindu Images - photo of the flag of the DMK: www.thehinduimages.com:8080/hindu/photoDetail.do?photoId=2393634
 The Hindu Images - photo of the flag of the DMK: www.thehinduimages.com:8080/hindu/photoDetail.do?photoId=2343451
 The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam web site: www.dmk.in
 Wikipedia page about the DMK (in Catalan): http://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dravidar_Munnetra_Kazhagam
 The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam web site: www.dmk.in/lot/lindex.html
Tomislav Todorovic, 28 April 2008