Last modified: 2010-03-20 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: guillena | pomegranate | stripe: diagonal (ascending) |
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image by Ivan Sache, 02 Jul 2009; coat of arms from the municipal websit
The municipality of Guillena (10,654 inhabitants in 2008; 22,663 ha) is located 20 km of Seville.
Guillena was named after the Roman colony "Villa Agilius / Gaelius;" several Roman ruins have indeed been excavated in the town, for instance a milestone from Roman way No. XXII, marking the distance between Villa Agilius and a place called Mons Marioru, not located yet, eight tombs, a Corinthian capital, remains of houses and an aquaduct. Under the Muslim rule, Guillena became a strategic place, protecting Seville from potential invaders coming down from the Sierra Morena. Sacked by the Castilians in 1213, Guillena (mentioned as Guliena in the Toledo Annals) was eventually reconquered by King Ferdinand III only in 1247. Seized without fighting, the town proved to be very useful in the subsequent reconquest of Seville. Alfonso X appointed a lord and knights to defend Guillena; in 1286, Sancho IV granted the title of "villa" to the town, while Alfonso XI granted arms to the town in 1319 as a reward for its resistance to a Moorish attack. In 1631, the domain of Guillena was incorporated into the County of Torre, owned by Perafán de Rivera.
Source: Municipal website
Ivan Sache, 02 Jul 2009
The flag, arms and logotype of Guillena were approved by the Municipal Council on 14 July 2008 and submitted on 16 July 2008 to the General Directorate of Local Administration, which confirmed them by Decree on 23 July 2008, published in the Andalusian official gazette (Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Andalucía, BOJA) No. 157 on 7 August 2008.
The relevant parts of the Decree are the following:
Coat of arms: Spanish shield. Gules a castle or port and windows azure masoned sable charged with a pomegranate proper; surrounded by a tree dexter and a palm tree sinister, all argent; in point waves argent and azure 3 + 2. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown, which is a disk or set with jewels, made of eight florets (five visible) of acanth leaves, separated by pearls, from which emerges the same number of diadems surmounted with pearls, converging to a mound azure with the semi- meridian and the equator or, surmounted by a cross, the crown filled gules [that is, the usual Royal Spanish crown closed].
Flag: Flag in proportions 2:3, made of three vertical stripes with respective proportions 2-3-2, the outer stripes blue and the central stripe white. In the middle the municipal coat of arms with a height of 60% of the hoist.
Emblem: The emblem is constituted of a graphic simplification of the coat of arms, scrupulously matching its design, from which the shades and realistic details are removed, using plain colours.
Source: BOJA No. 157, p. 70, 7 August 2008 2007 [PDF]
The coat of arms must have been derived from the historic coat of arms granted in 1319. There is a big image of the coat of arms on the municipal website.
Ivan Sache, 02 Jul 2009