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Jun (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2015-10-18 by ivan sache
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Flag of Jun - Image by Ivan Sache, 11 December 2008

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Presentation of Jun

The municipality of Jun (2,577 inhabitants in 2007; 3,400 ha; municipal website) is located 2 km south of Granada.

Jun was originally known as Ludenia, a name meaning "near the temple of Diana" (Latin, Iun Dianium). The primitive settlement indeed grew around a temple dedicated to the Roman goddess. Since there were several temples dedicated to Diana in Hispania, the component denia was progressively dropped, leaving only iun, "near." In the 14-15th centuries, the diphtong iu was jotacized and the name of the village became Jun.
Once known for ceramics, Jun is famous today for having organized on 28 June 2001 the first Municipal Council on the Internet in the world. Romano Prodi, then President of the European Commission, said that "active teledemocracy" was born that day in Jun. On 27 December 1998, the municipality of Jun had already proclaimed Internet access as a universal right granted to all citizens.

Ivan Sache, 11 December 2008

Symbols of Jun

The flag and arms of Jun, adopted on 13 December 2007 by the Municipal Council and submitted on 15 January 2008 to the Directorate General of the Local Administration, are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 23 January 2008 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 6 February 2008 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 26, pp. 43-44 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular flag, in proportions 2:3, made of two equal vertical stripes, blue with a yellow Roman temple over the binary code 01 11 111 010 in white at hoist and white at fly.
Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Vert a Roman temple or, 2. Azure a three-arched bridge or masoned sable. Grafted in base, argent the writing "IUNDENIA" sable surmounted by a pomegranate proper. Overall an escutcheon Gules a jar or. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The flag (photo, photo), representing the past, the present and the future of Jun, was unveiled on line (that is, with live broadcasting of the ceremony on the Mayor's blog) on 3 September 2008, 9 PM, by Mayor José Antonio Rodríguez (video). On the same day, some 300 flags were hoisted all over the village.
[Diario de Cádiz, 27 August 2008].

The meaning of the mysterious code can be guessed as follows:
1. Replace each 0 by a dot and each 1 by a dash, respecting the spaces.
2. Translate the obtained Morse code into a usual word.
3. The coded word represents the value for which the villagers of Jun work, and, more generally, a guiding value for mankind.
The answer is "AMOR", the Spanish word for "love". The flag of Jun is said to be the only one in the world to include such a code.
[Municipal website].

On the coat of arms, the Roman temple alludes to the remote origin of the town. The bridge represents the local monuments. The writing gives the Latin name of the town. The jar alludes to ceramics industry, while the pomegranate (granada) represents the Province of Granada.
[Símbolos de las Entidades Locales de Andalucía. Granada (PDF file)]

Ivan Sache, 1 July 2009