Last modified: 2011-06-13 by german editorial team
Keywords: hesse | stadt kassel | kassel | coat of arms: bend (white) | coat of arms: trefoils (white) | coat of arms: trefoils (13) |
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by Stefan Schwoon
Coat-of-arms adopted 1936
Split blue-white with the arms. The origin of the trefoils is unknown. Sources: flag from Staack 1997, arms from Stadler 1964-1971
Stefan Schwoon, 19 February 2001
From Ralf Hartemink's International Civic Arms website:
The arms were granted again in 1936, when the number of trefoils was set on 13. The arms of Kassel with the fess [actually a bend] and the trefoils is known since the end of the 15th century. The trefoil appears for the first time on a seal dating from 1243. The seal shows a fortress with a church. On the middle tower of the church a trefoil can be seen. Around 1350 trefoil appear on watermarks of the city and finally in a seal in 1467 as the sole symbol. The origin of the trefoil is still unknown. Kassel became a city around 1225 and the oldest seals show Count Hermann of Thuringia, shown as a knight. There is no sign of a trefoil.
Literature: Stadler 1964-1971.
Santiago Dotor, 13 December 2001
Kassel (185,000 inhabitants) is located on the river Fulda and was the former capital city of Hesse[-Kassel and the province of Hesse-Nassau]. The Documenta exhbition of modern art has been taking place in Kassel every four years since 1955.
Ivan Sache, 9 June 2002